Shakespearean allusions in modern documentaries

Fedorova, Valiria Sergeevna
Head of the Literary Department, the Saratov Academic Theatre for Young Spectators, Post-graduate Student of Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia

The report is devoted to literary allusions to Shakespeare's texts in recent documentary films. "King Lear" directed by Denis Klebleev (Russia), "Shakespeare in Casablanca" by Sonia Terrab (Morocco) and "Quicksilver Chronicles" by Ben Gez and Alexandra Kulak (Russia) show how Shakespeare's stories become the basis of a new plot action, combining documentary film and literature, putting them not only in the film context, but also in the literature's search for new ideas and forms of revealing the psychology of modern man. In one of the films, the main characters rehearse "A Midsummer Night's Dream", translated into a rare Daria language, and through immersion in the play discover new forms of expression, not typical for their mentality. The hero of another is an elderly actor obsessed with the idea of playing King Lear, projecting his grievances and fears on the people around him according to Shakespeare's plot. In the third, the dogs have the names of Shakespeare's characters, creating for the hero the illusion of being inside a theatrical action. The Shakespearean theme in documentary films connects different trends in art and becomes an important indicator of the impact on the socio-cultural situation of the perception, interpretation and everyday embodiment of eternal images. The influence of Shakespeare's stories can both expand the boundaries of intercultural interaction and limit a person in the role chosen for imitation in real life. Actual observations of documentary films raise the famous Shakespearean phrase "the world is a theatre" to a new level, revealing an unexpected psychological background in imitation of the famous types of world literature and showing the mechanisms of the impact of precedent texts on the new communication models.

Keywords: documentary film, Shakespeare, dramaturgy, socio-cultural models of behavior, substitution