Practices of violation of academic ethics in Russia: Dissernet experience

Rostovtsev, Andrei Afrikanovich
D.Sc. in Physics and Mathematics, Professor, ITTP RAS, Moscow, Russia


In 2023, the Dissernet community will be 10 years old. Community members, through joint efforts based on the principles of network distribution of labor and the use of modern computer technologies, counteract illegal fraud and forgery in the field of scientific and educational activities, especially in the process of defending dissertations and awarding academic degrees in Russia. During this period of time, more than 12,000 cases of dissertations with large-scale plagiarism were identified and documented. More than 1,000 applications for the deprivation of malicious plagiarists of an academic degree have been submitted to the Higher Attestation Commission. The absolute majority of them are satisfied. Several thousand publications with serious violations of academic ethics were retracted from Russian scientific journals. The international bibliographic databases Web of Science and SCOPUS stopped indexing about a hundred foreign periodicals in which Russian scientists published articles with translated plagiarism for money. More than 500 publications in English-language scientific journals sold to hundreds of Russian scientists were discovered and the facts of fake co-authorship were documented. The present report describes in detail the practices of violating academic ethics that are most common in the Russian scientific community. The results of sociological studies of the phenomenology falsification in the scientific field are discussed.

Keywords: Dissernet, plagiarism, falsification of research, fabrication of data, publications with purchased authorship, translated plagiarism, predatory journals, deprivation of an academic degree.