The science between the expertocracy and the expertise of laypeople

Aseeva, Irina Alexandrovna
D.Sс. in Philosophy, INION RAN, Moscow, Russia

The report focuses on the urgent philosophical and methodological issue of organizing effective social control over the development and implementation of modern technoscience innovative projects. The relevance of the topic is caused by the fundamental transformation of science associated with the strengthening of its production, technological and socio-administrative functions to the detriment of its humanistic component. The intensive expansion of technoscience into all spheres of human existence inevitably increases its risky nature, which needs a transdisciplinary understanding and orientation towards traditional human values: truth and good. An effective mechanism of social reflection of the achievements of technoscience is a socio-humanitarian examination, which attracts not only the elite scientific community but also social institutions, public organizations, large numbers of volunteers ‒ non-professional examiners who realize the ability to creative self-organization and insights in order to improve its adequacy.
Based on the analysis of the studies on the ethical aspects of modern technoscience, the gaps and shortcomings of the existing methods and techniques of socio-humanitarian examination were identified and examples of successful communication between science and society were demonstrated in order to increase social trust in modern technoscience and reduce its riskogenics.

Keywords: philosophy of science and technology, technoscience, socio-humanitarian expertise, expertocracy, science of citizens