On the relevance of the question of new algorithms for decryption of literary manuscripts

Sayfulina, Flera Sagitovna
PhD in Philology, Professor, Department of Tatar Literature, Kazan, Russia

The branch of literary criticism that studies and restores the most complete version of handwritten literary works with the aim of their further inclusion in scientific circulation, identifying the issue of authorship, interpreting individual ambiguous points is textual criticism. It is this branch of the Tatar national literary criticism that is considered the most complex, requiring the painstaking work of scientists. The problem is that before the opening of the first printing houses (1800 (01) – printing house "Asia"; 1808 – printing houses of the Imperial Kazan University, etc.), like all other materials (dictionaries, documents related to the trade and economic field, khan's labels etc.), incl. and fiction was developed and supplemented in handwritten form and performed in Arabic script. In Arabic writing, several handwritings (styles) are most common: naskh (which is used to write the Koran), suls (for works of art), kufi (for writing on buildings), etc., which is a particular difficulty in the comparative study and restoration of the most complete versions of a literary text.
A new direction in the field of digital technologies aimed at recognizing ancient manuscripts gives hope for new discoveries in the field of Tatar literary criticism. Information of recent years, appearing periodically on the Internet that the latest information technologies, artificial intelligence helped to decipher ancient manuscripts, is also of great interest to Tatar literary critics engaged in textual research at the Center for Written and Musical Heritage of the Institute of Language, Literature and Art named after A. G. Ibragimova of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan "Miraskhane" (Heritage), the Department of Rare Books and Manuscripts, etc., in the repositories of which a rich collection of handwritten material has been accumulated.

Keywords: textual criticism, handwritten books, digital technologies, ancient Tatar literature