Library as a Technology of Сulture

Nikonorova, Ekaterina Vasilievna
D.Sc. in Philosophy, Professor, Director of the Division - Pashkov Dom Publishing House, Russian State Library, Moscow, Russia

Shibaeva, Ekaterina Alexandrovna
Deputy Editor in Chief of the Periodicals Department Russian State Library,  Moscow, Russia

Libraries in the 21st century are technological organizations that support the processing and providing access to users of the necessary documents, based on information and communication technologies.
By comprehending the increasingly complex reality and accelerating eventfulness of processes, the involvement of the social component and personal participation of people in these processes, especially in the context of digital transformation, the content of the "technology" concept is expanding. In the paradigm of post-non-classical science, technology is viewed as a system of broad transformative activity.
Transformative activity is the main feature of the human type of life activity - culture - which differs from the natural type of life activity of living organisms by the transformative function of the environment. This brings technology closer to culture, but does not make it identical to culture. We must not forget that the hallmark of culture is its focus on a system of values, including life meanings, goals and ideals that form identities. While technology constructs practices to achieve certain specific goals and is always a means and tool for this kind of activity.
Libraries, being the custodians of the most complete knowledge about the transformative activity of man, are in fact part of the technology of culture and cultural policy. These technologies should work for the value system of culture, the development of personality and cultural capital, against the dehumanization of man. Digital transformation, information and communication technologies should be guided by the high ideals, meanings and values of culture and remain the means of its reproduction and human education. Libraries can act as a model for the interaction of culture and technology based on the development of scientific models for the integration (interaction) of the humanities and natural sciences.

Keywords: library, technology, culture, post-non-classical science, technology of culture, transformative activity, cultural values, human capital, digital transformation, information and communication technologies